Media Release 26 April 2017
Family First NZ says that a Police report suggesting that almost one in ten homicide victims are killed by their parent or a parent’s live-in partner fails to sufficiently analyse the data to determine the real risk to children because the definition of ‘parent’ is problematic and therefore misleading.
According to the report, ‘Parent’ is defined as being where the victim was a biological, adoptive or foster parent of the offender. It also includes the de facto partner of the offender’s biological parent, provided the victim and offender live together, or have lived together when the offender was a child.
“As our report on child abuse last year revealed, there are certain family structures in which children will be far more vulnerable. Suspension of fact when collecting and analysing data is an abrogation of our collective responsibility to children. Children being raised by their married biological parents are by far the safest from violence – and so too are the adults. Until we recognise and develop policies around this issue, we will continue to see the shameful and tragic cases of Ihaka Stokes and Moko in our courts,” says Bob McCoskrie, National Director of Family First NZ.
“It is time that police statistics and analysis reflected this fact and investigated the real risks to children – rather than dumping all family structures together.”
“What government statistics do reveal is that over three quarters of children born in 2010 who had a substantiated finding of abuse by age two were born into single-parent families. The likelihood of abuse in this family type is almost nine times greater than in a non-single parent family. The presence of biological fathers also matters,” says Mr McCoskrie.
“There will be little change or improvement in child abuse statistics until we tackle the ‘elephant in the room’ – family structure, and the growth of child abuse which has accompanied a reduction in marriage rates and an increase in cohabiting and single-parent families.”
“Governments should focus on, and encourage and support what works. This means collecting and analysing the data on different forms of family structure and which work best, and which put children at risk. Our children deserve this investment in their safety and protection. Then, and only then, can we can remove the label ‘vulnerable children,” says Mr McCoskrie.
The report “CHILD ABUSE & FAMILY STRUCTURE: What is the evidence telling us?” examined child abuse rates and changes in family structure from the early 1960s through to current day.
Key conclusions included:
- For the last fifty years, families that feature ex-nuptial births, have one or both parents absent, large numbers of siblings (especially from clustered or multiple births) and/or very young mothers have been consistently over-represented in the incidence of child abuse – similar to overseas data.
- Maori and Pacific families exhibit more of these features and have appeared disproportionately in child maltreatment statistics since earliest data analysis in 1967.
- The risk of abuse for children whose parent / caregiver had spent more than 80% of the last five years on a benefit was 38 times greater than for those with no benefit history. Most children included in a benefit appear with a single parent or caregiver.
- The high rates of single, step or blended families among Maori present a much more compelling reason for disproportionate child abuse incidence than either colonisation or unemployment, but like non-Maori, Maori children with two-parent working families have very low abuse rates.
- Asian children have disproportionately low rates of child abuse. The Asian population has the lowest proportion of single-parent families.
- The presence of biological fathers matters. Generally, it protects children from child abuse. Marriage presents the greatest likelihood that the father will remain part of an intact family.
- Compared to married parents, cohabiting parents are 4-5 times more likely to separate by the time their child is aged 5. Overseas data also shows a greater likelihood of child abuse in cohabiting families.